Using sulphamic acid, Limescale Preventer DS-3 is a powerful but environmentally friendly product which is ideal for use to remove baked-on limescale deposits from domestic appliances and boiler heat exchangers. Designed with the consumer in mind, the product is safe and easy to use; after each application the product changes colour to indicate when DS-3 is exhausted and ready for disposal to foul drain.
Fernox DS-3 is used for removing limescale from any type of water heater to restore its efficiency. It is safe to use with steel, stainless steel, cast iron, copper, brass, PVC, ABS rubber polythene and most plastic pipework.
Limitations: It should not be used with thin gauge or badly corroded aluminium, zinc, galvanised steel, acrylic (e.g. plastic kettles and baths) chromium plated or enamelled surfaces (e.g. baths), concrete and asbestos. When in doubt, check with the appliance manufacturer.
Fernox DS-3 should first be dissolved in hot water at the maximum concentration of 1 kg per 10 litres of water (10%) with a minimum in-use concentration of 250g per 10 litres of water (2.5%). Hot water will accelerate de-scaling, but do not exceed 80°C. The de-scaling process will release carbon dioxide gas (CO2), which can cause foaming. Hence, space should be allowed for this before commencing work. A colour change from yellow, through green, to blue indicates the de-scaling power is exhausted. However, the major part of the solution’s effort is expended when green is reached and if cold the final change to blue can take a long time. When de-scaling is complete, drain and rinse several times until no traces or odours remain. Fernox DS-3 is a hazardous product and so appropriate care should be taken when using the product. For more information, refer to the Product Safety Data Sheet (SDS). Keep out of reach of children. Fernox DS-3 can be neutralised with Fernox System Neutraliser.
Fernox DS-3 is supplied in 2 kg containers.
Fernox DS-3 is a hazardous product and so appropriate care should be taken when using the product. For more information, refer to the Safety Data Sheet (SDS). Keep out of reach of children.
Fernox DS-3 contains Sulphamic acid with inhibitors, indicators and non-foaming surfactants.
pH: 2.0 (1% w/w solution)
The damaging effects that limescale can have on the lifespan of a boiler and the energy efficiency of a central heating system are significant.
Part L of the Building Regulations stipulates that where mains hard water exceeds 200 ppm, feed water to water heaters and the hot water circuit of combination boilers must have a scale reducing device fitted.
Why is descaling important
An effective method of treating water to avoid the build-up of limescale is to install an in-line Fernox Scale Reducer. An Electrolytic Scale Reducer will provide whole house protection, while a Magnetic Scale Reducer is suitable for single appliances. Both products can be easily connected directly onto 15 mm or 22mm horizontal or vertical pipe work using compression fittings or 15mm horizontal or vertical pipework using 15mm pushfit fittings.
Where limescale has already formed it can be removed from a hot water system, including the storage cylinder, immersion heater, pipework and taps using Fernox DS-3 Cleaner.
After turning off the boiler and/or immersion heater, tie-up the ball valve or isolate the mains water supply to the cold water storage tank. Then open all hot water taps before draining the entire system, and close the taps again afterwards.
Having dissolved the Fernox DS-3 in warm water at the maximum concentration of 1kg per 10 litres of water, introduce the solution into the cold water storage tank either via a funnel connected to rubber or plastic tubing or directly, if the cold water storage tank serves the hot water cylinder only. Refill the system until the water level in the cold water storage tank just covers the cylinder feed connection. After this is done, turn on the boiler and/or immersion heater and heat the acid solution in the hot water cylinder to 50-60°C. Maintain this temperature for at least four hours, opening all hot water taps briefly every 10-15 minutes to allow a half to one pint (284 to 568ml) of acid solution to run into a plastic container. Finally, turn off the boiler and immersion heater, and drain the hot water system completely, bailing out any residual water from the cold water storage tank.
Release the ball valve of the cold water storage tank and thoroughly rinse the entire hot water supply system, opening all hot water taps. Where applicable the cold water system should also be rinsed, as some acid may have entered via the cold water storage tank. Any waste solutions of DS-3 Cleaner should be neutralised with Fernox System Neutraliser before discharging to the drain.